A Comparative Analysis of Smart Home Automation Technologies in the UAE

The Smart Home Automation industry in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been developing at a quick pace since its day break in the course of the most recent quite a while. The market is turning out to be increasingly mindful of the abilities of having an entire computerization framework whether at the size of individual living arrangements, castles, land advancements, and lodgings. Numerous advancements in Dubai and Abu Dhabi have as of now been finished with a pre-introduced robotization framework. Numerous advancements in territories like Victory Heights, Arabian Ranches, Sports City, and Reem Island have additionally been worked with framework to bolster such innovations later on.

In essential frame, robotization incorporates frameworks that control Lighting, Appliances, HVAC, Curtains and Multimedia. The market in the UAE has not just started to understand the advantages regarding solace, security, and extravagance. In any case, likewise regarding vitality sparing and expanding property estimation, in this way every one of these acknowledge will keep on leading to a blasting business sector in the UAE.

As computerization is fairly another innovation in the standard market, one must know about the endless number of hidden advancements that interface and take into consideration the correspondence between a client and the Light Dimming Systems or Air Conditioning Systems. At first glance, these advancements may appear to prompt to a similar usefulness, however in the back-end, they are diverse in conceivably cataclysmic ways. This leads us to the motivation behind why we began making this article, is, to reveal insight onto the advantages and disadvantages of the diverse innovations (paying little heed to item or seller) which are accessible in the UAE advertise today.

Any mechanization framework is made out of 2 abnormal state segments, the controller, and the modules. The modules incorporate light dimmers, transfer switches, indoor regulators, mechanized drapery control frameworks, conveyed speakers..etc. which are to be controlled by the property holder. The controller, is the heart of the framework from which signs are sent to “Diminish the lights” or “turn reporting in real time molding”. The technique for correspondence between the controller and the modules are the Automation Communication Technology which we wish to address in this article. The strategy for correspondence can either be through wires or remote and are more often than not in accordance with specific conventions or principles of correspondence. This article will investigate and think about KNX, X10, Zigbee, En-Ocean, and Z-wave.

The criteria for correlation which we will investigate are the accompanying:

Dependability of Communication: How solid is the correspondence between the Controller and the Modules? At the point when a message is sent to a module, the framework must guarantee the message’s entry and affirmation of receipt. Scoring admirably in this criteria is imperative to guarantee that even under conditions of wired or remote obstruction messages are despise until affirmed by the getting module. Not all conventions consent to this prerequisite.

Security of Communication: The convention must ensure that an outsider can’t penetrate a current framework and work it with unapproved get to. The consequences of a programmer entering a parking area of an inn and killing every one of its lights is grievous.


Components and Capabilities: It is vital that computerization innovations go past simply controlling individual modules and have the ability to coordinate with different frameworks most ordinarily diversion since that is a region of high utilization of any property holder. Case: Easy Integration with Multi-room Music Systems, Multi-room mixed media dissemination frameworks (Movies, Videos, Pictures, Music)…etc.

Venture Protection: It is imperative to ensure that introduced Controller or Modules can be effortlessly supplanted later on. Consider having introduced a framework that has a few parts bomb following 5 years, and in the meantime, the organization which introduced it got to be distinctly bankrupt. The property holder would be left with no decision however to totally patch up the whole electrical framework in the home which would cost more in time, work, and hardware that what was initially paid for the robotization framework. Having a framework that is institutionalized implies that whatever other organization can bolster it or supplant certain parts with various items, possibly from various sellers, keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee proceeded with operation.

Interoperability: This criteria alludes to the capacity of the Controller to address various Modules from various makers. This will guarantee that a framework is made up with Lighting, HVAC, Curtains, Appliances, and Multimedia Control Modules are obtained from various makers which are the best or most spent significant time in those fields. This guarantees a framework has the best-in class Modules for every specific reason. It is not intelligent that the best maker of light dimmers is likewise the best producer of window ornament control frameworks, or sound frameworks. Some correspondence conventions are shut or exclusive, hence compelling the client to buy everything from a solitary producer. This criteria likewise covers with the Investment Protection Criteria since having an interoperable framework will give future adaptability to effortlessly supplant Modules regardless of the possibility that the organization which introduced them has shut down.

The rest of this record will address every correspondence innovation in view of the above criteria.


KNX is a global standard of correspondence commonly introduced in wired turned combine conditions. KNX was outlined in 1990 and was made as an extremely strong convention to be utilized as a part of mechanical robotization applications. The conventions unwavering quality can’t be addressed since it executes numerous OSI correspondence layers and is very perplexing. KNX is additionally controlled by the KNX affiliation and any organization as a rule burns through a huge number of dirhams on their representatives to experience preparing so as to comprehend the inward workings of the framework. KNX is an unpredictable convention by nature, and was composed much sooner than the “brilliant home” idea was conceived, in this manner the equipment that has the ability to bolster the intricacy of KNX is costly to design, as well as to make and accordingly the expectations for this innovation to wind up distinctly less expensive than its present options is purposeless.

KNX has and is a well known decision for inns since 2006 and has been sent in numerous advancements, for example, the Shangri-la in Dubai, Rotana Hotels in the Marina, Fairmont, Movenpick to give some examples. KNX is additionally being determined by numerous land experts for real improvements in the Abu Dhabi Reem Island and Yas Island.

Unwavering quality of Communication: Yes

Security of Communication: Yes

Value: No

Components and Capabilities: No. KNX has been more engaged at the basic office of computerization and ordinarily fits in inn situations where customization and mixed media reconciliation is not required.

Speculation Protection: Yes

Interoperability: Yes


X10 is a global open standard created in 1975 by Pico Electronics of Scotland, keeping in mind the end goal to permit remote control of home gadgets and apparatuses. It principally utilizes the 220Vpower line wiring for sending messages between the Controller and the Modules (Lighting, HVAC…etc).

X10 has just receyved some ubiquity numerous years back when mechanization innovation began being presented in the UAE. What’s more, was normally introduced in little estate extend then was gradually suspended because of its unwavering quality issues.

Unwavering quality of Communication: No. Since it is inclined to obstruction from various sources like transformers, engines regularly found in TVs, clothes washers, fans…etc. Likewise, messages from Controller to Modules are never recognized so there is no 2-way correspondence.

Security of Communication: No. On the off chance that an outsider can take advantage of the powerline of a house, messages can undoubtedly be sent to control whatever the outsider wishes.

Value: Yes

Components and Capabilities: Yes. This innovation can without much of a stretch be incorporated into PC based frameworks and numerous choices are accessible to give highlight rich capacities to private applications.

Venture Protection: Yes

Interoperability: Yes


ZigBee is an open remote system correspondence convention in light of the IEEE particular IEEE 802.15.4, which empowers the Controller to speak with its Modules by means of Radio Frequency. The standard is an advancement of the ZigBee Alliance, which was established toward the finish of 2002. It is an industry union of more than 230 endeavors who take up the overall improvement of this innovation. The principal ZigBee items went ahead the market in the start of 2005. Since Zigbee institutionalizes just the lower convention layers (radio layer), the diverse makers have characterized their own particular higher programming layers. Thus ZigBee gadgets of various producers are not perfect with each other.

Dependability of Communication: Yes. A remote work system is made and guarantees numerous way directing to each module which means long reach, and high dependability if there should be an occurrence of impedance or even if there should be an occurrence of in-way gadget disappointment.

Security of Communication: No. Zigbee utilizes frail hashing calculations and has been looked into to be vulnerable. Infiltration is difficult however programming instruments, for example, “Killerbee” exist and can permit any individual with little Linux and scripting background to hack into a current Zigbee organize.

Value: No

Components and Capabilities: Yes

Speculation Protection: Yes

Interoperability: No


EnOcean is a remote radio recurrence based, vitality gathering innovation utilized fundamentally in building mechanization frameworks. It is not set out for universal, European or national institutionalization; be that as it may, EnOcean GmbH is putting forth its innovation and licenses for the protected elements under permit inside the EnOcean Alliance system. The idea was created to empower batteryless sensors and swit